JURNAL INFOTEL https://ejournal.st3telkom.ac.id/index.php/infotel <h2>About Jurnal INFOTEL</h2> <table border="0"> <tbody> <tr> <td><img src="http://ejournal.st3telkom.ac.id/public/site/images/journaladmin/cover_infotel.png" alt="telecommunication journal" width="180" height="250"></td> <td align="justify" valign="top"> <div style="background-color: #ebfeec; border: 1px solid #bae481; border-radius: 5px; text-align: justify; padding: 10px; font-family: sans-serif; font-size: 14px; margin-left: 10px;">Jurnal INFOTEL is a scientific journal published by Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Masyarakat (LPPM) of Institut Teknologi Telkom Purwokerto, Indonesia. Jurnal INFOTEL covers the field of <strong>informatics, telecommunication, and electronics</strong>. First published in 2009 for a printed version and published online in 2012. The aims of Jurnal INFOTEL are to disseminate research results and to improve the productivity of scientific publications. Jurnal INFOTEL is published quarterly in February, May, August and November. <strong>Starting in 2018, Jurnal INFOTEL uses English as the primary language..</strong></div> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <h4><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline; color: #ff0000;">Call for Editors and Reviewers</span></strong></h4> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <p>We invite researchers, scientists, and practitioners to become editors or reviewers in Jurnal INFOTEL. If you are interested, please send us information about yourself, such as your full name, education and degree, affiliation, Scopus ID, orcid ID or other researcher ID, and the area of expertise. Send your biodata via the link below.</p> <p><a href="https://docs.google.com/forms/d/1z8am_OQpUPdDtX93QYcSzv6J5tCd3xoAAN5TWCdNqxU/edit?usp=sharing"><strong>Register for Editor and Reviewer</strong></a><br>Thank you.</p> <h4><strong>Important For Authors</strong></h4> <p>Reminder for all the authors, you are expected to submit papers that:<br> 1. are original and have not been submitted to any other publication.<br> 2. have at least 15 references with 80% of scientific Journals.<br> 3. use references published on the last 5 years.<br> 4. structured using IMRaD format.<br> 5. use template specified by Jurnal INFOTEL.<br> 6. use reference manager e.g. Mendeley or others when managing the references.<br>Thank you</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> </div> LPPM INSTITUT TEKNOLOGI TELKOM PURWOKERTO en-US JURNAL INFOTEL 2085-3688 <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:</p> <ul> <li style="text-align: justify;">Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/" target="_new">Creative Commons Attribution License</a> that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li> <li style="text-align: justify;">Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li style="text-align: justify;">Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work&nbsp;</li> </ul> A New Method of Artificial to Solve the Optimization Problems without the Violated Constraints https://ejournal.st3telkom.ac.id/index.php/infotel/article/view/624 <p>There are some problems in optimization that cannot be derived mathematically. Various methods have been developed to solve the optimization problem with various functional forms, whether differentiated or not, to overcome the problem, which are known as artificial methods such as artificial neural networks, particle swarm optimization, and genetic algorithms. In the literature, it is said that there is an artificial method that frequently falls to the minimum local solution. The local minimum results are proof that the artificial method is not accurate. This paper proposes the Large to Small Area Technique for power system optimization,&nbsp; which works based on reducing feasible areas. This method can work accurately, which that never violates all constraints in reaching the optimal point. However, to conclude that this method is superior to others, logical arguments and tests with mathematical simulations are needed. This proposed method has been tested with 24 target points using ten functions consisting of a quadratic function and a first-order function. The results showed that this method has an average accuracy of 99.97% and an average computation time of 62 seconds. The proposed technique can be an alternative in solving the economic dispatch problem in the power system.</p> Jangkung Raharjo Hermagasantos Zein Adi Soeprijanto Kharisma Bani Adam ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2021-05-30 2021-05-30 13 2 31 37 10.20895/infotel.v13i2.624 Requirements Engineering of Village Innovation Application Using Goal-Oriented Requirements Engineering (GORE) https://ejournal.st3telkom.ac.id/index.php/infotel/article/view/602 <p>The delay in the absorption of village funds from the central government to the village government is due to the village government's difficulty preparing village development innovation programs. The innovation tradition will grow if the cycle of transformation of knowledge and acceptable practices from one village to another, especially villages with similar conditions and problems, can run smoothly.&nbsp; For the process of exchanging knowledge and experiences between villages to run smoothly, it is necessary to codify best practices in a structured, documented, and disseminated manner. This research aims to design an application that functions as a medium for sharing knowledge about the use of village funds through government innovation narratives. The application is expected to become a reference for villages to carry out innovative practices by conducting replication studies and replicating acceptable practices that other villages have done. Therefore, it is necessary to have a system requirements elicitation method that can explore the village's requirements in sharing knowledge so that the resulting system is of high quality and by the objectives of being developed. There are several Goal-Oriented Requirements Engineering (GORE) methods used, such as Knowledge Acquisition in Automated Specification (KAOS) and requirements engineering based on business processes. In this research, the KAOS method was demonstrated as the elicitation activity of a village innovation system. Then the results were stated in the Goal Tree Model (GTM). Model building begins with discussions with the manager of the village innovation program to produce goals. The goals are then broken down into several sub-goals using the KAOS method. The KAOS method is used for the requirements elicitation process resulting in functional and non-functional requirements. This research is the elicitation of the requirement for the village innovation system so that it can demonstrate the initial steps in determining the requirements of the village innovation system before carrying out the design process and the system creation process. The results of this requirement elicitation can be used further in the software engineering process to produce quality and appropriate village innovation applications.</p> Condro Kartiko Ariq Cahya Wardhana Wahyu Andi Saputra ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2021-05-30 2021-05-30 13 2 38 46 10.20895/infotel.v13i2.602 An Evaluation of SVM in Hand Gesture Detection Using IMU-Based Smartwatches for Smart Lighting Control https://ejournal.st3telkom.ac.id/index.php/infotel/article/view/656 <p>Hand gesture detection with a smartwatch can be used as a smart lighting control on the internet of things (IoT) environment using machine learning techniques such as support vector machine (SVM). However, several parameters affect the SVM model's performance and need to be evaluated. This study evaluates the parameters in building an SVM model for hand gesture detection in intelligent lighting control. In this study, eight gestures were defined to turn on and off four different lights, and then the data were collected through a smartwatch with an Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU) sensor. Feature selection using Pearson Correlation is then carried out on 36 features extracted from each gesture data. Finally, two sets of gestures were compared to evaluate the effect of gesture selection on model performance. The first set of gestures show that the accuracy of 10 features compared to the accuracy of 36 features is 94% compared to 71%, respectively. Furthermore, the second set of gestures has an accuracy lower than the first set of gestures, which is 64%. Results show that the lower the number of features, the better the accuracy. Then, the set of gestures that are not too distinctive show lower accuracy than the highly distinctive gesture sets. The conclusion is, in implementing gesture detection with SVM, low data dimensions need to be maintained through feature selection methods, and a distinctive set of gesture selection is required for a model with good performance.</p> Maya Ameliasari Aji Gautama Putrada Rizka Reza Pahlevi ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2021-05-30 2021-05-30 13 2 47 53 10.20895/infotel.v13i2.656 Early Detection of Deforestation through Satellite Land Geospatial Images based on CNN Architecture https://ejournal.st3telkom.ac.id/index.php/infotel/article/view/642 <p>This study has developed a CNN model applied to classify the eight classes of land cover through satellite images. Early detection of deforestation has become one of the study’s objectives. Deforestation is the process of reducing natural forests for logging or converting forest land to non-forest land. The study considered two training models, a simple four hidden layer CNN compare with Alexnet architecture. The training variables such as input size, epoch, batch size, and learning rate were also investigated in this research. The Alexnet architecture produces validation accuracy over 100 epochs of 90.23% with a loss of 0.56. The best performance of the validation process with four hidden layers CNN got 95.2% accuracy and a loss of 0.17. This performance is achieved when the four hidden layer model is designed with an input size of 64 × 64, epoch 100, batch size 32, and learning rate of 0.001. It is expected that this land cover identification system can assist relevant authorities in the early detection of deforestation.</p> Nor Kumalasari Caecar Pratiwi Yunendah Nur Fu'adah Edwar Edwar ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2021-05-30 2021-05-30 13 2 54 62 10.20895/infotel.v13i2.642 Classification Based on Configuration Objects by Using Procrustes Analysis https://ejournal.st3telkom.ac.id/index.php/infotel/article/view/637 <p>Classification is one of the data mining topics that will predict an object to go into a certain group. The prediction process can be performed by using similarity measures, classification trees, or regression. On the other hand, Procrustes refers to a technique of matching two configurations that have been implemented for outlier detection. Based on the result, Procrustes has a potential to tackle the misclassification problem when the outliers are assumed as the misclassified object. Therefore, the Procrustes classification algorithm (PrCA) and Procrustes nearest neighbor classification algorithm (PNNCA) were proposed in this paper. The results of those algorithms had been compared to the classical classification algorithms, namely k-Nearest Neighbor (k-NN), Support Vector Machine (SVM), AdaBoost (AB), Random Forest (RF), Logistic Regression (LR), and Ridge Regression (RR). The data used were iris, cancer, liver, seeds, and wine dataset. The minimum and maximum accuracy values obtained by the PrCA algorithm were 0.610 and 0.925, while the PNNCA were 0.610 and 0.963. PrCA was generally better than k-NN, SVM, and AB. Meanwhile, PNNCA was generally better than k-NN, SVM, AB, and RF. Based on the results, PrCA and PNNCA certainly deserve to be proposed as a new approach in the classification process.</p> Ridho Ananda Agi Prasetiadi ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2021-05-30 2021-05-30 13 2 76 83 10.20895/infotel.v13i2.637 Classification of Javanese Script Hanacara Voice Using Mel Frequency Cepstral Coefficient MFCC and Selection of Dominant Weight Features https://ejournal.st3telkom.ac.id/index.php/infotel/article/view/657 <p>This study investigates the sound of Hanacaraka in Javanese to select the best frame feature in checking the reading sound. Selection of the right frame feature is needed in speech recognition because certain frames have accuracy at their dominant weight, so it is necessary to match frames with the best accuracy. Common and widely used feature extraction models include the Mel Frequency Cepstral Coefficient (MFCC). The MFCC method has an accuracy of 50% to 60%. This research uses MFCC and the selection of Dominant Weight features for the Javanese language script sound Hanacaraka which produces a frame and cepstral coefficient as feature extraction. The use of the cepstral coefficient ranges from 0 to 23 or as many as 24 cepstral coefficients. In comparison, the captured frame consists of 0 to 10 frames or consists of eleven frames. A sound sampling of 300 recorded voice sampling was tested on 300 voice recordings of both male and female voice recordings. The frequency used is 44,100 kHz 16-bit stereo. The accuracy results show that the MFCC method with the ninth frame selection has a higher accuracy rate of 86% than other frames.</p> Heriyanto Heriyanto Tenia Wahyuningrum Gita Fadila Fitriana ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2021-05-30 2021-05-30 13 2 84 93 10.20895/infotel.v13i2.657 Design and Implementation of Smart Parking System Using Location-Based Service and Gamification Based On Internet Of Things https://ejournal.st3telkom.ac.id/index.php/infotel/article/view/654 <p>Information on the number of available parking slot capacity and trip routes to the destination parking area, and motivation in choosing a parking area location are parameters that can help two-wheeled vehicle users choose the right parking area location. The three parameters that determine the accuracy of selecting a parking area location are implemented in an Internet of Things (IoT) based smart parking system. This system can provide information about the maximum number of slot capacities and the number of available slot capacities at the parking area. Two-wheeled riders are given information about which route to take to the destination parking area by utilizing the Location-Based Service (LBS). These two features are then supported by applying the gamification method to motivate two-wheeled riders to choose the right parking area. The smart parking system is tested with considered Quality of Service (QoS) parameter and black box testing. The results of testing the smart parking system produce QoS performance on the Line of Sight (LOS) test, with an average delay is 71.66 ms, average jitter is 107.59 ms, and throughput is 23 kbps. Meanwhile, in the non-LOS test, the average delay is 132.88 ms, the average jitter is 200.84 ms, and the throughput is 12 kbps. Overall system performance obtained the percentage of reliability is 99.65 %, and availability is 99.65 %. In black-box testing, LBS and gamification methods can implement according to application requirements specifications.</p> Alam Nasyrah Muharram Nasution Rendy Munadi Sussi Sussi ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2021-05-30 2021-05-30 13 2 63 75 10.20895/infotel.v13i2.654 Object Position Estimation based on Dual Sight Perspective Configuration https://ejournal.st3telkom.ac.id/index.php/infotel/article/view/546 <p>Development of the coordination system requires dataset, because the dataset could provide information around the system that can be used by the coordination system to make decisions. The capability to process and display data related positions of objects around the robots is necessary. This paper provides a method to predict an object’s position. This method is based on the idea of the Indoor Positioning System (IPS) and object position estimation with multi-camera system (i.e. stereo vision). This method needs two input data to estimate the ball position: input image, and the robot’s relative position. The approach adopts simple and easy calculation technics: trigonometry, angle rotations, and linear function. This method was tested on a ROS and Gazebo simulation platform. The experimental result shows that this configuration could estimate the object’s position with Mean Squared Error was 0.383 meters and R squared distance calibration value is 0.9932, which implies that this system worked very well at estimating an object’s position.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Dion Setiawan Maulana Ifdhil Hanafi Indra Riyanto Akhmad Musafa ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2021-05-30 2021-05-30 13 2 10.20895/infotel.v13i2.546