Energy Consumption Analysis of DBR and VBF Protocols in Underwater Sensor Networks Using Aqua-Sim at Network Simulator 2

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Ahmad Tsaqib Hakim Arrum Prima Dewi Doan Perdana Cyril Nugrahutama Kurnaman


For decades, there have been significant interests in monitoring aquatic environments for scientific exploration, commercial exploitation and coastline protection. Highly precise, real-time, and temporal-spatial continuous aquatic environment monitoring systems are extremely important. To support such monitoring, underwater sensor networks have emerged as a very powerful technique for many applications for underwater environment, including monitoring, measurement, surveillance and control. Based on those things, in 2009, Peng Xie et al. introduced Aqua-Sim. Aqua-sim is a simulator for underwater sensor networks developed on the Network Simulator 2 platform which effectively simulates the attenuation of underwater acoustic channels and the collision behaviors in long delay acoustic networks. Currently, there are two routing protocols including Vector-based Forwarding (VBF) and Depth-base Routing (DBR) are implemented in Aqua-Sim. Interested in the simulator, in this research we simulate the Aqua-Sim simulator by performing VBF and DBR protocol performance analysis based on energy consumption parameters.


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HAKIM, Ahmad Tsaqib et al. Energy Consumption Analysis of DBR and VBF Protocols in Underwater Sensor Networks Using Aqua-Sim at Network Simulator 2. JURNAL INFOTEL, [S.l.], v. 10, n. 4, nov. 2018. ISSN 2460-0997. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 12 dec. 2018. doi:


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